Marine Ecology Progress Series, Busson, M. Role of sociality in the response of killer whales to an additive mortality event. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 24 , Killer whale Orcinus orca interactions with blue-eye trevalla Hyperoglyphe antarctica longline fisheries.
PeerJ, 6: e Demographic consequences of fisheries interaction within a killer whale Orcinus orca population. Marine Biology, 8 : Authier, N. Gasco and C. Influence of artificial food provisioning from fisheries on killer whales reproductive output. Animal Conservation 18 2 : Gasco, G. Duhamel and C.
Mitigating killer whale depredation on demersal longline fisheries by changing fishing practices. One specific type of explanation essay is analysis - an examination of why and how an issue is significant. If you're looking for good models, The Times runs many pieces under the rubric "news analysis," such as this article on the significance of steroid use in baseball and this one on President Obama's remarks on the arrest of Henry Louis Gates.
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Read these, or other articles marked "news analysis," and then try writing your own analysis of an event - perhaps something that happened at school, or perhaps something that happened in a piece of literature or in history. In addition to information and explanation, there are a few other key expository patterns.
Here are the most common ones, together with a Times models of each one, each paired with a related handout:. For more fun with definitions, see the Schott's Vocab blog.
Whether you're writing a descriptive piece or incorporating description into a larger expository essay, specific details are vital, as in this piece on a city mural and this one about Michael Jackson's signature dance moves. Of course, one of the best places to find colorful descriptions is the Times' Sports pages, as in this article about a tennis match played by Rafael Nadal.
Use our Play-by-Play Sports Descriptions sheet to get a closer look at descriptive phrases in this or other sports articles. Times features are perfect examples of how to fully develop ideas. For example, you might read "Drivers and Legislators Dismiss Cellphone Risks" or Michael Pollan's polemic on cooking shows and the decline of home cooking in the Sunday Magazine. Then create a "reverse outline" to reveal how the writer developed the piece. Like development, smoothly incorporating supporting material and evidence - including introducing and integrating quotations - can be a challenge for young writers.
Part of the problem may be that most students see few articles or other texts with academic citations in their daily lives. Using The Times for models can help. You might suspend traditional academic style requirements, and instead try newspaper-style attribution or even the Web protocol of linking to the source of information - such as this article on digital curriculum materials , which, among many, many others, shows both approaches.
Other articles, like this one about government recommendations to schools regarding swine flu , are good examples of how to integrate both partial and full quotations, as well as how to include paraphrases. Subject-verb and noun-pronoun agreement can trouble even established writers at the newspaper of record itself, as the After Deadline blog has discussed , more than once.
Once you've reviewed agreement rules, test yourself by looking for errors in the daily paper. And given that Times style is to avoid using "he" as a universal pronoun, virtually any news article or feature provides examples of ways to write around the singular pronoun.
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Of course, it would help us all if English had an all-purpose, generic pronoun , wouldn't it? News briefs and summaries are models of conciseness and clarity. Read a few briefs, like the ones about the music video directed by Heath Ledger , the death of a show-biz dog , and a spate of squid attacks. And for the ultimate in brevity, look at TimesWire for one-sentence or sentence fragment summaries of the latest articles. Can't use the first person in expository writing?
Year 10 coursework whaling - LeopoldHiwebAt
Due to their southern hemisphere winters opposite to UK , their dry season is October - April. This causes the wildlife to be more predictable in their movements and stick to areas around waterholes and hides offering better game viewing opportunities. The tropical vegetation which KwaZulu-Natal is known for, is less dense, making spotting wildlife easier.
The disadvantage is that vegetation becomes sun parched and can look less attractive.
Summer months are from May - September, which can mean more rainfall during the day and at night, with some impressive storms to watch at night. This rainfall means lusher and greener looking vegetation for photography. When is best for birding? South Africa supports an array of species so anytime of the year is a good time to spot many bird species.
The prime birding months from September - February, are the best times to view a large diversity of birds, including many KwaZulu-Natal visitors and birding specials including many endemics. When is best for whale watching? Peak whale watching season in KwaZulu-Natal happens from July - September, with excellent whale watching opportunities available in St Lucia Town, where you can scan the waters with binoculars from the beach or take a boat trip out to see them.
When is best for turtle tours? South Africa offers some of the best turtle viewing opportunities in the world. Once incubation 65 days is complete, hatchlings emerge to take their long perilous journey to the sea. Hatchlings are best spotted in March.
These migrating fish are excitedly followed by people, birds, sharks and other sea life. What is the appropriate wetsuit thickness for KwaZulu-Natal diving? Unlike the much cooler waters of the Cape, the waters along the KwaZulu-Natal coastline are extremely warm, on average about 20 degrees. But be aware that the deeper you dive the cooler it will start to feel.
For KwaZulu-Natal diving, a 3 - 3. What binoculars magnification would you recommend? The main rule to keep in mind with purchasing binoculars is that the higher the magnification, the more shake you will experience when actually using your binoculars on a subject.
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You will find your image moves around a lot more and it becomes harder to keep still on your subject for longer periods of time. We recommend an 8 x 45 magnification or at the very maximum a 10 x 45 magnification. We can help you set up your new binoculars at the beginning of your tour. How can I keep in touch with home? At this camp reception can often be found at certain high points in the reserve, especially on hills or mountainous areas. Your tour will almost certainly start at Kuleni Bhejane Base Camp, which has WIFI, so you can let your loved ones know you arrived safely in South Africa and if you are due to depart for Ebandla Wilderness Camp, that you will be out of signal for a few days.
Although we appreciate you will need to make contact with home, emphasis on our tours is on getting away from technology to truly get the most out of your tour. Will my mobile work in South Africa? You can cheaply pick up a local sim in South Africa at the Airport. Will I be able to charge my electrical appliances? Yes, most camps have charge points, it is only whilst at the Ebandla Wilderness Camp that no plug sockets will in found in your accommodation, as they are army style tents. Before your tour you must ensure that you purchase several South African adaptors, that will fit and convert your home country appliances for use in South Africa.
We would also suggest you bring spare batteries for your electrical items just in case.
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