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Skip to main content. DigitalCommons TMC. Everyone is; should healthcare? Outsourcing: Issues in strategic planning, organizational culture, and organizational ethics Anthony David Bristol , The University of Texas School of Public Health Abstract Expenditures for personal health services in the United States have doubled over the last decade. UK law contains an array of co-existing, intertwining legislative provisions such as the Abortion Act , the Human Fertilisation and Embryology Act and the Human Rights Act This of course requires that moral issues be touched upon, though they will be closely linked to the legal content of legislation.
Do theories of justice and rights support or contend abortion? Can there ever be reconciliation between the legal and moral aspects of abortion? The increased complexity and ever-revealed benefits of medical research have in turn increased the delicacy of ethical issues related to this topic. Both the social and legal arenas have struggled to take reasoned stances on whether medical research can be justified. Despite its critics, the need for medical research has never been completely eradicated; our desire to perpetually exist thus comes into direct conflict with our desire to live free and unhindered lives.
When applied to the possibility of non-consensual medical research, this observation becomes all the more important in terms of determining which element is the most valued. This study will explore how the law deals with the interests of the community in relation to medical research. What are the boundaries and how have they shifted over time? Are they likely to shift even more, and which direction are they likely to take? It will ultimately be demonstrated that individual rights can be balanced against the collective good of society; a balance which has already been attempted in current legislation.
The law pertaining to organ retention is a profoundly controversial subject, attracting differing and conflicting views, and also the cause of considerable concern.
Following a number of shocking incidents in which organs were removed from dead patients without the consent of family members, the process of more closely regulating organ retention began. The resulting legislation was the Human Tissue Act ; a provisions that has received as much praise as it has criticism. More than purely legislative in scope, organ retention poses a variety of ethical questions, namely those of consent, rights, and interests. When applied to the deceased the issue becomes all the more delicate and complex.
What is Ethics in Research & Why is it Important?
This study will explore the issues concerning organ retention, evaluating the arguments both for and against legalisation in a bid to arrive at a plausible proposal. It will ultimately be suggested that the definitive answer is not entirely obvious, though upon a balance of arguments the outcome has the potential to favour legalisation. It indeed depends upon the extent to which one values the need for consent and the way in which one balances individual and collective interests.
The issue of euthanasia is the Achilles Heel of any rights theorist who attempts to define the sanctity of life as the core basis of the absolute right to life. Many have embarked upon the quest to fit assisted suicide, active and passive, voluntary and involuntary within their subjective network of morality, autonomy or harm. This has indeed furnished useful debate which has greatly weakened and convincingly undermined the sanctity of life as an absolute principle. This study will explore how the sanctity of life can be justifiably derogated from in order to strengthen the argument for euthanasia.
Issues pertaining to justice, rights and the absoluteness of the sanctity of life will be critically evaluated, though it will be ultimate demonstrated that it would be an abuse of the sanctity of life to uphold it in situations where an individual wishes to die. The case of Emeh floats amongst a sea of decisions relating to the right of parents to seek damages for the birth of an unwanted child.
This study will assess the cases leading up to, and more importantly following the decision because they signify the difficulties that the courts have encountered in arriving at a suitable stance on the issue. The case law timeline reveals a marked shift in the attitude of the courts in relation to this delicate issue, though there are also evident difficulties in determining the scope of the law.
This study will seek to explain the reasoning behind important and landmark decisions, and evaluate how damages, if rewarded, are calculated. While the course focuses on cases, statues and regulations applicable to these issues, the course also studies the leading approaches in ethics as they are applied in these situations.
The course includes consideration of the primary processes used for dispute resolution in bioethics, including litigation , institutional ethics committees, and institutional review boards. A study of fundamental skills and core areas of knowledge essential for ethics consultation, integrating process and outcomes, to identify, analyze, and resolve ethical dilemmas, cases and issues, that emerge in the context of patient care.
Postgraduate Course: Dissertation LLM Medical Law and Ethics (LAWS11205)
This course introduces students to a range of topics in research ethics. The focus of the course is academic human subjects research ethics, though issues of regulation and compliance will be discussed throughout. For each topic selected, there will be four main study elements: 1 identify the ethical issues that emerge; 2 identify the major ethical arguments concerning these issues; 3 assess the major arguments; 4 examine the relevance of these issues and arguments to particular instances of human subjects research.
This course will examine moral methodology and critical issues in Catholic bioethics, primarily through the lens of four contemporary moral theologians who present differing, sometimes opposing, viewpoints on the subject matter.
A study of the aging process and of the dying process in the context of end-of-life technology, including: quality of life; chronic pain; independence and inter-dependence; home care, case management, and long-term care; life-prolonging treatment; nutrition and hydration; futile care; euthanasia and suicide.
A study of the human genome and its implications for the sanctity and dignity of human life, including: genetic make-up, disease, testing, engineering, counseling, and therapies; privacy, consent, and confidentiality; the management of genetic information e. A study of governmental, organizational, and market developments in health care reform, including: social justice and the common good; fragmented health care, capacity, and cost; integrated delivery systems and the continuum of care; managed care, capitation, resource allocation, and quality; universal coverage, community health, and preventative care; information technology.
This course is a study of the ethical and legal issues that arise in the care of children and adolescents.
The course will begin by examining functional issues related to medical decision-making for children, including standards of decision-making and the roles of the parent and the state. Special attention will be given to feminist perspectives on bioethics. The course will then explore particular topics of interest in pediatric ethics, including: issues in perinatology and neonatology, vaccinations, pediatric organ donation and pediatric research ethics. Offered in spring. A study of one or several religious scholars in health care ethics, including: the genesis of the scholar's thought and works e.
A study of psychological issues as they relate to health care ethics. Specific issues include: psychological interpretations of ethical behavior; psychological approaches to moral development; developmental approaches to moral education; and psychological factors embedded in controversial issues of interest to health care ethicists, such as sexual practices, suicide, and abortion.
Foucault's interests were broad, including psychiatry, medicine, economics, politics, penal systems, and sexuality. The interdisciplinary research seminar is recommended for students between the end of coursework and completing the dissertation. This seminar examines ongoing dissertation research, integrating the knowledge of method and systematic analysis in ethics, of interdisciplinary study, and of foreign literature in health care ethics.
This course provides the opportunity to design and carry out directed, quantitative research in descriptive ethics. The course fosters the development of skills necessary to secure grant funding, to gain Institutional Review Board approval, and to do empirical research that can be integrated into the doctoral dissertation in health care ethics. Matriculation in and in the second year of the J. Course fosters the development of research skills needed to conduct legal and ethical research on topics related to healthcare.
Through close mentoring, students will also develop expertise on a specific topic in health law and ethics and a publishable manuscript. This course provides an extended and immersive clinical ethics experience during which students will obtain the knowledge and skills necessary for ethics consultation. The course consists of two primary components: extended experiential learning within an institutional clinical ethics service and 2 the development of a clinical ethics portfolio, both of which are overseen by an on-site clinical ethics mentor and a faculty member.
This course typically takes place over a summer at a pre-arranged internship site. Menu Search. Search Catalog Search. Academic Policies Toggle Academic Policies.
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