On Christmas Eve his nephew comes to invite Scrooge to a Christmas dinner. Scrooge however refuses and replies with his customary phrase "Bah! He sees Christmas as a time for finding yourself "a year older but not an hour richer. Scrooge angrily replies that there are prisons and workhouses and they leave empty-handed. Scrooge is greedy and sees no reason in donating money to the poor.
He thinks of them as idle and he states that if they would rather die than to go to the workhouse "they had better do it, and decrease the surplus population. Later that evening Scrooge returns home through dismal, fog-blanketed London streets. Just before entering his house, the doorknocker catches his attention.
He sees a ghostly image that gives him a momentary shock; it is the peering face of Jacob Marley his dead partner. When Scrooge takes a closer look the image disappears. With a disgusted "Pooh-Pooh," Scrooge opens the door and enters his hose. He makes no attempt to brighten his home, "darkness is cheap, and scrooge liked it. A ghostly figure floats through the closed door of Jacob Marley, transparent and bound in chains. Scrooge shouts in disbelief, refusing to admit that he sees Marley's Ghost. The ghost comes to warn Scrooge of the horrible fate that awaits him unless he changes his way.
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Jacob Marley regrets his past and has an everlasting feeling of regret. He warns Scrooge that if he does not mend his ways a greater burden awaits him. Marley had not learned till it was too late that charity and kindness was important in a human life. Scrooge focuses too much on wealth and not people.
Grade 9 essay on Scrooge's transformation in A Christmas Carol. Includes planning and task sheets.
However Marley tells Scrooge he still has a chance to change before it is too late. He tells him three spirits would visit him. He then rises and goes out of the window. Scrooge sees spirits bound in chains. They cry about their failure to lead honorable and caring lives. As Marley disappears scrooge stumbles to bed and falls asleep.
Scrooge awakes at midnight and remembers the words of Marley's ghost. The first of the three spirits would arrive at one, so scrooge, frightened decides to wait. At one o'clock, the curtains of scrooge's bed are blown aside by a strange childlike figure merging an aura of wisdom and richness of experience. The spirit informs Scrooge that he is the ghost of Christmas past. The spirit touches Scrooge's heart, granting him the ability to fly.
The spirit takes Scrooge to the countryside where he was raised. He sees his old school, his old school mates and familiar landmarks of his youth. Touched by these memories he begins to sob. The ghost takes him on a depressing tour of his past Christmases. Scrooge is portrayed as a loner. Dickens might be suggesting Scrooge's contempt for humanity has roots from his childhood experience. At last, a girl, Scrooge's sister Fan, runs into his classroom, where he stayed alone during Christmas holidays, to take him home.
The young Scrooge delightfully embraces his sister. The aged Scrooge regretfully tells the ghost that Fan died many years ago and is the mother of his nephew Fred. Scrooge feels great sorry as he remembers his past and guilt for being rude to his nephew on that day. Here we can see a change in his hardened attitude. The ghost then escorts Scrooge to more Christmases of the past. They appear at a party thrown by fezziwig a man Scrooge apprenticed as a young man.
There is music and Dickens creates a celebratory mood in this scene to show Scrooge how his boss celebrated Christmas with him and others. Scrooge feels another twinge of conscience as he remembers the way he treated his own employee Bob Crachit. Next Scrooge sees a slightly older version of himself with a young lady called Belle. She is breaking off their engagement crying that greed had corrupted the love Scrooge had once had for her; Scrooge makes no attempt to stop her as he is too consumed with his money. Then Scrooge sees Belle happily married as she talks to her husband about Scrooge.
A Christmas Carol Essay | Essay
She describes Scrooge as quite alone in the world. He begs the spirit to take him back home. Tormented and full of despair, he reaches home and falls asleep immediately.
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Each episode in the scenes shows a younger Scrooge who was still in touch with human beings, until money overtook his ability to love. His lust for it destroyed his relationship with Belle.
These scenes begin the changes in Scrooge as his past is re-enacted. Scrooge awakens gladly to a majestic figure in green robes. His room has undergone a transformation, it is filled with Christmas feasts and other things related to Christmas. Perhaps the transformation of the room is a prelude to his personal transformation. He tells Scrooge his lifespan is one day. The spirit tells Scrooge to touch his robe. Scrooge finds himself in a bustling city on Christmas morning, where he sees Christmas shoppers wishing a "merry Christmas to passers by.
The spirit takes Scrooge to the home of Bob Crachit, where they sit and savor the few Christmas treats they can afford.
The family is content despite the skimpy meal. Bob comes home with a crippled boy called Tiny Tim. Scrooge sees Tiny Tim and asks if he will survive. The spirit replies that "if the conditions are not changed, he sees an empty chair at next year's Christmas dinner. He remembers his own words when he stated those "who are dying should hurry up and decrease the surplus population" He is overwhelmed with guilt as he thinks of Tiny Tim as the "surplus population.
The spirit takes Scrooge to an isolated community of miners who still celebrate Christmas despite their conditions.
Scrooge in The Novel A Christmas Carol
Afterwards, the spirit takes Scrooge to Fred's Christmas party, where Scrooge loses himself in the fun and games and nags the spirit to stay a little while longer. This is an enormous change in the previously anti-social Scrooge. He is having so much fun; he cannot keep away from Fred's house. Before the spirit departs, Scrooge catches a sight of a pair of starving children, the allegorical twins. Dickens is not above taking the easy way out—that of having the character tell the audience exactly what conclusion they should reach themselves. Later he actually says, "We're all suitable to our calling, we're well matched.
Does Dickens have to tell us this?
As obvious as it is, would Joe have been conscious if it? As with Fezziwig, this is not so much a case of populist sentimentality, because such people do exist and they do have their place within this story. It is more a case of underdevelopment, of having the characters acting too obviously for functional purposes, which is only slightly different than the unearned emotion that causes critics to charge him with sentimentalizing. A Christmas Carol has been adapted to the stage, radio, television, and movies thousands of times since it was first printed.
Like many things associated with Christmas, these adaptations are meant for children. The weirdly Scrooge-like logic here, that Christmas is something to be put away as one gets older, poses an obvious irony.
Scrooge in A Christmas Carol by Charles Dickens Essay example
The result of these adaptations, though, is that many people in our non-reading world only know the story in its sanitized version, from scenes and lines that scriptwriters find acceptable for children. There is a difference between a well-crafted story that leaves readers feeling good and one molded to be a feel-good piece, and Dickens, with A Christmas Carol , stays well within his artistic bounds. There will always be questions about whether particular lines or characterizations or even certain books were made with no better purpose than to yank at the public's heartstrings, but this book, which has a unique place in popular imagination, is more about reality than popularity.
Buckwald examines the theme of restriction and containment in A Christmas Carol, as exemplified by the description of Scrooge as "solitary as an oyster. Hard and sharp as flint, from which no steel had ever struck out generous fire; secret, and self-contained, and solitary as an oyster.
If at the beginning of A Christmas Carol Ebenezer Scrooge apparently lacks a heart, he is at all times the undisputed heart of the story he inhabits.
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